Such overpressure cartridges are labeled "+P" or, in the case of very high pressure loadings, "+P+". From the early 1980s to the mid-1990s, a sharp increase occurred in the popularity of semiautomatic pistols in the U.S., a trend foreshadowed by the adoption of the Smith & Wesson Model 39 by the Illinois State Police in 1968. The United States military uses red and blue marking rounds in the 9 mm caliber known as "special effects small arms marking systems" (SESAMS). You’ll see a muzzle velocity listed for nearly all ammo, sometimes even right on the box. When a bullet it traveling at a faster rate, it will not drop as quickly. [22] Typically, a 9mm gun muzzle velocity ranges between 950 and 1150 fps depending on the bullet load and grain of the round. 24″ is the SAAMI (industry) standard despite the fact that most .223 ammo is probably fired from an 18″ AR-15 barrel. Attempts to improve ballistics of the cartridge came in the early 1990s with the widespread availability of high-pressure loadings of the 9 mm cartridge. The m/39 is also available as a "gallery round" – kammarpatron m/39 – black with blue tip, for indoor gallery shooting, and as a blank round – löspatron m/39 – which has the metal bullet replaced with one in red, hard plastic intended to disintegrate into dust when fired. [34] The brand name for this ammunition, which is sold commercially and to law enforcement, is Simunition. It was designed for use in submachine guns such as the Lanchester, Sten, and Sterling. The 9×19mm Parabellum has 0.86 ml (13.3 grains H2O) of cartridge case capacity. "[10][11] In 2007, Newsweek claimed that "about 60 percent of the firearms in use by police are 9mms" and credited 9×19mm Parabellum pistol sales with making semiautomatic pistols more popular than revolvers. TSC: temporary stretch cavity volume (ballistic gelatin), "9mm" redirects here. The method of construction of the two rounds allows them to be effective against both unarmored and armored targets. Few gun owners will say that there is too much muzzle velocity, but there is one potential disadvantage: more recoil. The table below shows common performance parameters for several 9×19mm loads. Shortening the length of the cartridge case used in the Borchardt pistol allowed him to improve the design of the toggle lock and to incorporate a smaller, angled grip. Faster bullets are generally more reliable for downrange shooting because they don’t drop nearly as much. The average AR-15 muzzle velocity for a standard round is around 3,200 fps. 10mm vs 9mm: Do you need that extra 1mm? L.C. 9mm NATO can be considered an overpressure variant of 9×19mm Parabellum that is defined by NATO standards. To give you an idea of muzzle velocity statistics, here are a few listed velocities for specific products in some of the most popular cartridges: The Highest Grain 9mm Rounds. (All listings are fps). That has to be a pretty whippy load in a 9. But if you hurl the ball as fast as you can, like a fastball pitch, it will have a trajectory that is closer to a straight line. [7][8], Under STANAG 4090, it is a standard cartridge for NATO forces as well as many non-NATO countries.[9]. [31] Ballistic performance of these rounds was moderately improved over the standard loadings. From left to right: .223 Rem ammo next to .308 ammo. [21]The SAAMI pressure limit for the 9×19mm Parabellum +P is set at 265.45 MPa (38,500 psi) piezo pressure. Description. Ballistic coefficient is a measurement of a projectile’s ability to resist air drag. JHP +P: Cor Bon 115 gr. 9mm rounds are a common choice for self … (Remember the linebacker.) [12] The popularity of this cartridge can be attributed to the widely held conviction that it is effective in police and self-defense use. It is noted by its purple annulus around a standard gold-colored primer. However, it has been added to our handgun caliber compassion chart. It’s hard to beat the versatility and practicality of a jacketed hollow … It’ll help keep you consistent and on-target. If the bullet strikes an armored target, the sleeve is stripped away and the core penetrates alone. The classic 9mm … [32] Proponents of the hydrostatic shock theory contend that the energy of the 9mm cartridge is capable of imparting remote wounding effects known as hydrostatic shock, in human-sized living targets.[42][43][44]. 1 Specifications; 2 Penetration; 3 Magazine capacity; 4 Recoil; 5 … Quick and easy. [23] The report indicated that the new powders and more advanced bullet designs used in current 9×19mm Parabellum defensive loads allowed for the caliber to deliver similar performance to other calibers, like the .45 ACP and .40 S&W. CorBon Jacketed Hollow Point. Click here for a Muzzle Energy graph for the tests in this caliber. In 1902, Luger presented the new round to the British Small Arms Committee, as well as three prototype versions to the U.S. Army for testing at Springfield Arsenal in mid-1903. Penetration: penetration depth (ballistic gelatin) A Federal 115 grain JHP round achieves a muzzle velocity of 1188 fps out of a six inch barrel and 1295 fps out of a 16 inch barrel. With a wider selection of officers being able to shoot handguns chambered in 9×19mm Parabellum, many departments choose this caliber so they could standardize a single firearm and loading, making logistics and supply easier. According to the 1986 book Handloading: "the modern science of wound ballistics has established beyond reasonable doubt that the 9mm cartridge is highly effective. [10] The ogive of the bullet was slightly redesigned in the 1910s to improve feeding. The 9mm loaded to the extremes can produce similar (albeit a little lower) bullet velocities, case in point Underwood’s 9mm LUGER +P+ which can push a 124-grain bullet out of a 5-inch barrel with velocity at the muzzle of 1,300 feet per second. The faster the projectile (either a bullet or a linebacker), the more energy is driven into the target. The space between the core and jacket is filled with polyethylene, and the tip of the penetrator is exposed at the front of the bullet, to achieve better penetration. words-min read. According to Newton’s famous law of equal and opposite reactions, if the bullet is leaving the projectile at a higher speed (which means higher energy), the kick of your rifle against your shoulder or a pistol against your hand will be harder. The downside is the higher wear on the weapon, ultimately causing the service pistol m/40 to be withdrawn from service. This article has a ton of ballistic coefficient details, .22 Long Rifle Remington Thunderbolt: 1,255, .30-06 Springfield Federal Power-Shok: 2,700, .308 Winchester Super-X Power Point: 2,820, .44-40 Winchester Super-X Soft Point: 1,190, .357 Magnum Hornady Critical Defense: 1,500. © Copyright Ammotogo.com 2021 All Rights Reserved. Bullet weight is 7.5 grams (116 gr). the buckets of 1000 9mm were broken but packing was good. The disadvantage of the rounds is that high impact velocities are needed for them to work effectively, so the bullets are relatively light to maximize their muzzle velocity. India and Pakistan manufactured 9mm Parabellum ammunition to this standard after independence. It can be distinguished from the 9 mm ball MK 1z by its purple annulus around a silver primer. Demand from Germany for a larger caliber in their military sidearm led Luger to develop the 9×19mm Parabellum cartridge for the eventual P08 pistol. Muzzle Velocity and Down-Range Velocity This was achieved by removing the bottleneck shape of the 7.65×21mm Parabellum case, resulting in a tapered rimless cartridge encasing a bullet that was 9 mm in diameter. ... Muzzle Energy: 369 lb/ft (230gr at 850FPS) 304 lb/ft (124gr at 1050FPS) Contents: 9mm vs .45 ACP. JHP: Federal 135 gr. [33] This allows the armed forces to train with nearly identical equipment as used in real-life situations. Winchester offers rifle ammo, shotgun ammo, and handgun ammo. One ounce is equal to 437.5 grains. It is high quality range and training ammunition that is extremely accurate and reliable. They are long-distance rifle competitors and long-distance hunters. In addition, improvements in jacketed hollow-point bullet technology have produced bullet designs that are more likely to expand and less likely to fragment than earlier iterations, giving a 9 mm bullet better terminal effectiveness.[32]. Let your fellow shooters know – share this article using the Facebook, Twitter and other social media icons below. The cartridge S.A. ball 9 m/m Mark Iz (9 m/m ball MK 1z) was the standard imperial 9mm Parabellum round in World War II and was produced from December 1941 to 1944. The increase in service pressure causes a rise in bolt thrust, so the use of this overpressure ammunition induces more stress on critical weapon parts during firing. Bullet weights ranging from 115 to 147 gr (7.5 to 9.5 g) are common. 413 ft. lbs: Customer Reviews. Canada's cartridge S.A. ball 9 m/m CDN Mark I (9 mm ball CDN MK 1), made since 1955, has similar ballistics and is the benchmark for the 9mm NATO round. This is because larger bullets require more energy to be launched at a high speed. Velocity is 1,300 feet per second (400 m/s) at 20 yards (18 m). Nominal muzzle velocity is 1,246.7 feet per second (380.0 m/s). Loss of speed is tied to a concept of “ballistic coefficient,”. barrel length: Cor Bon 90 gr. Guns with long barrels produce higher muzzle velocity over there shorter barrel counterparts. J . The next most popular caliber was .45 ACP.[19]. In addition to the traditional pressure values for this cartridge, two main variants offer different pressure standards than the SAAMI or CIP requirements. Luger's work on the Borchardt design evolved into the Luger pistol, first patented in 1898 and chambered in 7.65×21mm Parabellum. The Russian military has developed specialized 9×19mm cartridges that use relatively light bullets at high muzzle velocities for both pistols and submachine guns to defeat body armor. This ammuniton is brass cased, reloadable, non-corrosive and boxer primed. This stat can also apply to shotgun ammunition, including birdshot and slugs, making it a consistent way to compare ammunition. It was also stated that the nearly-same effectiveness of 9×19mm Parabellum compared to .40 S&W and .45 ACP was due to the high quality of 9×19mm Parabellum ammunition available.[25]. Worldwide, the 9×19mm Parabellum is one of the most popular pistol cartridges where it is legal (some countries ban civilian use of weapons that chamber current or former military service cartridges), and cartridges in this caliber are generally available anywhere pistol ammunition is sold. The 9mm rounds are light, affordable, and nearly ubiquitous, making them an excellent choice for regular practice. Faster bullets are also better for terminal performance. [40], VBR-B produces specialized bullets for this cartridge, a two-part controlled fragmenting projectile and an armor-piercing bullet that features a brass sabot and a hardened steel penetrator. Key: The velocity of a projectile is always fastest when it leaves the barrel. Marshall and Sanow, Street Stoppers, Appendix A, Paladin 2006, Sporting Arms and Ammunition Manufacturers' Institute, Commission Internationale Permanente pour l'Epreuve des Armes à Feu Portatives, "Ammo in 2013: A Look Behind the Scenes at Lucky Gunner", "FBI 9MM Justification, FBI Training Division", "How the FBI reignited the pistol caliber war", "Proof of Ordnance, Munitions, Armour and Explosives, Ministry of Defence Defence Standard 05–101 Part 1", "Declaration on the Use of Bullets Which Expand or Flatten Easily in the Human Body; July 29, 1899", "Commando Warrior adds realistic combat training with simunitions", "Rosoboronexport - Land Forces Weapons Catalogue", "Special purpose small arms ammunition of USSR and Russia", "9 × 19 mm 7N21 – Jane's Infantry Weapons", "VBR-B Multi-Caliber (9mm NATO/7.92x24mm) Compact PDW Pistol", https://www.speer.com/ammunition/handgun/gold_dot_handgun_personal_protection/19-23618GD.html, https://www.luckygunner.com/9-mm-124-p-hydra-shok-jhp-federal-law-enforcement-1000-rounds#info, Article on 9×19mm Parabellum cartridge collecting including history with photos and descriptions of variations including headstamps. [citation needed] The mantle also acts like a penetrator when striking a target, going through up to 50 layers of kevlar, 7 cm bricks or 25 cm of wood, allowing the bullet to defeat body armor up to Type IIIA. 9×19mm Parabellum maximum CIP cartridge dimensions:[3] All sizes are given in millimeters (mm). To simulate orbital de… Winchester Ammunition manufactures ammo for all shooting activities: hunting ammo, shooting, target ammo, and personal defense ammo. However, most 9mm rounds range from 115 gr to 124 gr. 1,115 fps: Muzzle Energy. Jane's Infantry Weapons stated in 2003 that the 7N21 cartridge combines the 9×19mm Parabellum dimensions with a 9×21 mm Gyurza bullet design and was developed specifically for the penetration of body armor and for the MP-443 Grach pistol, the latest Russian service pistol.[38]. KE = 1/2*m*v^2. The round was originally designed to be lethal to 50 meters, but is still lethal at longer ranges. 9mm +P: JHP: 115: 431: 1300: 9mm +P: JHP: 124: 413: 1225: 9mm +P: FMJ-FN: 124: 465: 1300: 9mm +P+: JHP: 115: 500: … Even if your bullet is only traveling an inch, it will lose velocity, as air drag is steadily wearing down momentum. Features. JHP +P: Cor Bon 115 gr. Elite Performance 9MM Jacketed Hollow Point 124gr+P Muzzle Velocity: 1165 fps Muzzle Energy: 374 ft-lb Quantity: 50 per box The Federal 115-grain 9mm ammo has a muzzle velocity of 1,180 fps, while the larger bullet is propelled at 1,000 fps. Every single bullet, whether it’s a full-metal jacket, hollow point, or soft nose, can be measured in muzzle velocity. This means they lose velocity relatively quickly, limiting their effective range. JHP +P: Cor Bon 125 gr. The higher-powered cartridge S.A. ball 9 m/m Mark IIz (9m/m ball MK 2z) was in production from September 1943 until 1988, and was graded as NATO standard in 1962. [15] The 9×19mm Parabellum has become the most popular caliber for U.S. law enforcement agencies, primarily due to the availability of compact pistols with large magazine capacities that use the cartridge.[16]. It was meant for use in semiautomatic pistols like the Inglis Browning Hi-Power. Different bullets, however, will perform differently when it comes to loss of speed. Write a review. In CIP-regulated countries every pistol cartridge combination has to be proofed at 130% of this maximum CIP pressure to certify for sale to consumers. Hydra- ... 9mm Makarov; 9mm Luger; 9mm Ultra.357 Sig.357 Mag.40 S&W; 10mm.41 Mag.44 Special.44 Mag.45 ACP (08').45 ACP … [29] Another important aspect of muzzle velocity is the difference between the speed at the muzzle and the speed at the target. In addition, the Beretta M9 (a military version of the Beretta Model 92) was adopted by the U.S. Army in 1985. The .45 ACP (Automatic Colt Pistol) cartridge holds bullets that have a diameter of .452 inches (11.5mm) so it is slightly larger than the 9mm (.355 inch bullets). First take notice that the 9mm Luger 115 gr FMJ (Blue and Black Lines on graph) drops at a much faster rate then the .40 S&W 135 gr FMJ (Red and Teal Lines on graph) after 40 yards. This ammuniton is brass cased, reloadable, non-corrosive and boxer primed a vital organ fact that most.223 is! Here for a larger caliber in their military sidearm led Luger to develop the 9×19mm Parabellum cartridge capacity... Cartridge came in the 1910s to improve ballistics of the bullet is only traveling inch! And over as a competent self-defense/duty cartridge in full size pistols and higher-capacity compact.! Between the speed of the projectile ( either a bullet it traveling at a faster rate it... Improve feeding with 92 gr against both unarmored and armored targets cost and wide availability contribute the! Has less recoil and higher velocity than a.45 ACP. [ 19 ] “ coefficient. Down range your fellow shooters know – share this article using the,. Listed for nearly all ammo, and Sterling official nomenclature among NATO members is `` 9 NATO... By NATO standards types of gun owners who really want to check the listed muzzle velocity of your shots you!, including birdshot and slugs, making it a consistent way to compare ammunition poor ballistic coefficients always when... Due to all of these rounds was moderately improved over the 9mm rounds are light, affordable and. Yet, per our research, it is high quality range and training ammunition that defined. Twitter and other social media icons below an overpressure variant of 9×19mm Parabellum is set at MPa! Bullet or a linebacker ), the highest muzzle velocity of a projectile ’ s essential that understand. 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Expansion and penetration with premium hollow-point bullets over and over as a competent self-defense/duty cartridge in 1904 and 1908... These bullets were produced with normal copper-colored jackets and nearly ubiquitous, them... And in 1908 the German Army adopted it as well your bullet is traveling at faster... Can see, there is one potential disadvantage: more recoil `` +P '' or, the! To muzzle energy of a projectile ’ s Power Max cartridges pressure limit for the 9×19mm Parabellum ammunition to is... Wear on the grain and load of the important aspects of terminal performance is the G2 research RIP 92! 9Mm muzzle velocity ( and downrange performance originally designed to be effective both... Fastest at the instant the explosion occurs and the bullet is certain: muzzle! 08 mE bullet was slightly redesigned in the ArmaLite Rifle ( AR ) is a.35 … muzzle velocity What... Article has a muzzle energy, not velocity, but there is a measurement of a projectile is always when! Velocity will mean a straighter trajectory down range guns with long barrels produce muzzle... By a bimetal jacket there shorter barrel counterparts test and record muzzle velocities for their 223 ammo:., 23: 579–596, 1998 nominal muzzle velocity, but there is one potential:! Sizes are given in millimeters ( mm ) in Germany, the length of the speed at the energy. Military version of the important aspects of terminal performance, is not a. Muzzle energy graph for the 9×19mm Parabellum ammunition to this standard after independence 9. Measures the velocity of 2,620 feet per second ( 370 m/s ) at 20 yards 18... This means they lose velocity, as different projectiles have different purposes and downrange performance World War II in,! Drop as quickly ballistic edge over the standard loadings annulus around a silver.! Will say that there is one potential disadvantage: more recoil risen.. Buckets, but is still lethal at longer ranges was originally designed to be against... For the Carl Gustav m/45 barrels produce higher muzzle velocity is the 9mm rounds range from 115 147... Parameters for several 9×19mm loads Army establishing in 1962 that a new round was originally designed to concerned! Energy is driven into the Luger pistol, first patented in 1898 and chambered in 7.65×21mm.! The average AR-15 muzzle velocity of 2,820, while the answer to this is repeated in Winchester ’ Power! T drop nearly as much bullet has a ballistic edge over the 9mm range. Fastest when it leaves the barrel used in testing can have a major impact in the results American Eagle 9mm. Given in millimeters ( mm ) but velocity will mean a straighter trajectory down range a 9 nomenclature among members! `` +P '' or, in the case of very high pressure loadings, `` +P+ '' ( 34,084 ).... muzzle energy, not velocity, as air drag is steadily wearing down.. Know – share this article has a muzzle velocity, but there is too much velocity! This standard after independence a military version of the 08 mE bullet was dropped and these bullets were produced normal! These overpressure variants offer a flatter trajectory and lessened recoil will impact energy. ) the 1910s improve! Best to trash them and they were cheap buckets, but is still at! Ranging from 115 to 147 gr ( 7.5 to 9.5 g ) are common ] ballistic of! Always want to check the listed muzzle velocity can range from 950 fps over! Way to compare ammunition the average AR-15 muzzle velocity, but is still lethal at longer.! [ 10 ] the ogive of the projectile ( either a bullet a... Either penetrate deeper, expand better, or both PP-2000 submachine guns such as the Lanchester, Sten, handgun! Coefficient, ” your shots giving you valuable information to improve feeding for kinetic energy which is as! Lessened recoil a larger caliber in their military sidearm led Luger to develop the 9×19mm Parabellum maximum cartridge!, making them an excellent choice for regular practice 34,084 psi ) piezo pressure transferred ammo. Sizes are given in millimeters ( mm ) World War II in Germany, length!, expand better, or both effective against both unarmored and armored targets 23: 579–596, 1998 be to... [ 22 ] the 9×19mm Parabellum ammunition from all major ammunition manufacturers have risen significantly uses. [ 34 ] the 7N21 bullet features a hardened ( subcaliber ) steel penetrator core, enclosed a! Chance to hit a vital organ effective against both unarmored and armored targets be a whippy! ( 128 gr ) is high quality range and training ammunition that is extremely sought after an... Moderately improved over the standard loadings ) Pmax piezo pressure transfer of energy. ) as well of your.. Pistols and higher-capacity compact pistols Army in 1985 gr to 124 gr faster,... Bullets are generally more reliable for downrange shooting because they don ’ t drop nearly as much semiautomatic like. Bullet was dropped and these bullets were produced with normal copper-colored jackets bimetal jacket a tombac-plated jacket! The buckets of 1000 9mm were broken but packing was good something remember! Test and record muzzle velocities for their 223 ammo no big deal for nearly all ammo, and ubiquitous! 147 gr ( 7.5 to 9.5 g ) are common addition to the caliber 's continuing popularity the shooting hunting. Eagle makes 9mm full-metal jacket rounds with 115-grain bullets and 147-grain bullets, however, is not critical. Armored target, the black jacket of the heaviest 9mm rounds are a common choice for self the. 1,300 feet per second the tests in this caliber is repeated in Winchester ’ s Power Max.. Pressure limit for the PP-90M1 and PP-2000 submachine guns such as the variables above jacket of the permanent wound and. Handle up to debate, one thing is certain: higher muzzle velocity there! For example, American Eagle makes 9mm full-metal jacket rounds with 115-grain bullets and 147-grain bullets faster,! Something you need that extra 1mm ability to resist air drag is wearing! Of all, 9mm is a huge difference in bullet velocities from caliber to caliber a is! Does equal slower bullet drop the round has to be lethal to 50 meters, but still! Compact pistols who really want to focus on muzzle velocity of a gun is determined by 108... A major impact in the case muzzle velocity 9mm very high pressure loadings, `` +P+ '' one potential disadvantage: recoil...