An East coast chemical plant that manufactures phenol, acetone and alphametyl styrene from cumene planned to install an air pollution control system to control the Volatile Organic Compounds (VOCs) emitted during their chemical production process. Once the base case profitability has been determined, it is used as a reference to generate and analyze more sustainable alternatives. Separation is done by a sequence of distillation units and phenol and acetone are obtained as pure products. A production rate of 300,000 metric tons/year of phenol is considered. Tasks 4 to 8 include design decisions, mass and energy balances, rigorous simulation, and equipment sizing and costing. Trained learning algorithms for the known characteristics of existing products will quickly give the result of LCA for new design products. The proposed LCO framework is demonstrated through an application on sustainable design of a potential bio-ethanol supply chain in the UK. Production Phenol/Acetone Plant Originally licensed by British Petroleum Company, the reaction section has bee n upgraded to a state of the art process in 1999, which also improves the operatio n of the Oxidation section and A commercial simulator is used for process simulation (design verification), ICAS for property prediction and analysis of design options and ECON for cost and economic evaluation. The company, owned jointly by Shawinigan Chemicals and British American Oil Co., Ltd., is operating under license from Hercules Powder and Distillers Co., Ltd. The base case design annual profit is estimated to be 50 million USD with a payback time of 2-3 years. The neural network model with back propagation algorithm is used and the results are compared with those of multiple regression analysis. design and evaluation. Once the base case profitability has been determined, it is used as a reference to generate and analyze more sustainable alternatives. The largest phenol derivative is bisphenol-A (BPA) which supplies the polycarbonate (PC) sector. Phenol Production Process Design Team 10 – Tiffany Robinson, Daniel Harrell, Dillian Beechler Organizational Problem ABC Corporation’s resins production Total cost per pound of productunit wants to carry out a study estimate of a Tasks 4 to 8 include design decisions, mass and energy balances, rigorous simulation, and equipment sizing and costing. Despite the recent methodological developments in LCA, most LCO applications. In this process, acetone is … The design of the phenol production process is developed as part of the MSc-level course on Process Design at DTU. Join ResearchGate to find the people and research you need to help your work. Training is generalized by using product attributes for an ID in a group as well as other product attributes for other IDs in other groups. © 2008-2020 ResearchGate GmbH. From 1993 to 1998, world cumene demand grew at a … Cumene may be used to increase the octane in gasoline, but its primary use is as a feedstock for manufacturing phenol and acetone. As the base case design, auto-catalyzed oxidation of cumene to cumene hydroperoxide subsequently cleaved over a solid catalyst to phenol and acetone is selected. The by-products and presence of azeotropes make the downstream separation of the products complex. Undesired formation of acetophenone and dimethyl benzyl alcohol, which dehydrates producing alpha methyl styrene, occur as side reactions. This paper proposes a framework to optimize functional, environmental, and economic (FEE) performance towards sustainable design. In this process, acetone is co-produced. As the base case design, auto-catalyzed oxidation of cumene to cumene hydroperoxide subsequently cleaved over a solid catalyst to phenol and acetone is selected. Then, cumene hydroxide is treated with dilute acid to prepare phenol and acetone as by-products. In the first 2 tasks of the 12-tasks design procedure, information about the product and process is obtained. This is an old industrial process. ADSORPTION PROPERTIES OF ACIDIFIED ACTIVATED CARBON FOR REMOVING IMPURITIES FROM PHENOL, Modelling, synthesis and analysis of biorefinery networks. The process design work is divided into 12 sequential tasks that comprise all stages of conceptual design, starting from the consideration of qualitative aspects of the process flowsheet and preliminary calculations to detailed process simulations, equipment sizing, costing, economic evaluation, sustainability and LCA/sustainability assessment of the designed process. Crude cumene, comprised of mostly cumene, AMS and phenol, is firstly recovered as distillate by distilling the mixture with a vacuum distillation column. are developed upon process-based LCA, which results in system boundary truncation and underestimation of the true impact. A neural network approach is developed to predict an approximate LCA of grouping products in conceptual design. Proceedings of the Canadian Engineering Education Association (CEEA). However, the requirement of cumene is largely dependent on the use of phenol’s derivatives which have resulted in increasing requirement rates for cumene. To assess and improve the environmental performance of these concepts and support fact-based design decisions, a variety of scenarios for building materialisation, energy standard and energy supply mix were compared through the application of Life Cycle Assessment (LCA). Accounting for 95% of production (2003) is the cumene … The drawback of this is the difference in market for both products, with phenol in … Presently, most of the worldwide supply of cumene is used as a raw material for phenol production. The design of the phenol production process is developed as part of the MSc-level course on Process Design at DTU. It is a flammable colorless liquid that has a boiling point of 152 °C. The relationship is statistically verified by exploring the correlation between total impact indicator and energy impact category. It quantifies both direct and indirect environmental impacts and incorporates them into the decision making process in addition to the more traditional economic criteria. In the base case, 0.66 kg of phenol and 0.41 kg of acetone are produced per kg of cumene with an energy consumption of 23,181 kJ/kg phenol. It can be miscible in ethanol, ether and glycerin. To develop a framework for process synthesis of biorefineries using a mathematical programming approach. Also it is an intermediate in the synthesis of other compounds. 568/385 2781222 Slip socket releaser 1957-02-12 Joris et al. Phenol and acetone are produced from cumene in two steps: liquid phase oxidation of cumene to cumene hydroperoxide (CHP), followed by acid-catalyzed decomposition (cleavage) of CHP to phenol and acetone. To identify the purpose and objectives for the project, a participatory design process with a co-housing group was conducted to define the group's common, Sustainable product development (SPD) requires that product design achieve minimal or zero environmental impact, while satisfying other design criteria such as functionality, quality, desirable features, and acceptable cost and time to market. ResearchGate has not been able to resolve any references for this publication. A complete kinetic model for alkylation and transalkylation reactors loaded with proprietary catalyst PBE-1 is available. In the early phases of the product life cycle, Life Cycle Assessment (LCA) has been used to support decision-making for conceptual product design; the best alternative can be selected based on its estimated LCA and its benefits. Through the Cumene process acetone is produced at a ratio of 6:10 ton acetone / ton phenol. Presently, most of the worldwide supply of cumene is used as a raw material for phenol production, a process that simultaneously produces most of the worldwide supply of acetone. Separation is done by a sequence of distillation units and phenol and acetone are obtained as pure products. At the end of task 9, the economic analysis, the base case design is obtained, which is then further improved with respect to heat integration and process optimization. The term stems from cumene (isopropyl benzene), the intermediate material during the process. phenol by cumene process (r) Production of Phenol From Cumene The design of the phenol production process is developed as part of the MSc-level course on Process Design at DTU As the base case design auto-catalyzed As the base case design, auto-catalyzed oxidation of cumene to cumene hydroperoxide subsequently cleaved over a solid catalyst to phenol and acetone is selected. Phenol demand increases over the years and it is forecast to follow this trend, which, together with its wide range of applications, provides an excellent platform for the design of a sustainable process for phenol production. This research is aimed at the development of a new approach to lifecycle. Phenol (hydroxybenzene) is one of the most important intermediates of the chemical industry. The dominant synthetic route is cumene oxidation, which accounts f PLANT DESIGN FOR PRODUCTION OF PHENOL 9 for about 95% of the total phenol production. About Press Copyright Contact us Creators Advertise Developers Terms Privacy Policy & Safety How YouTube works Test new features Production of acetone 1959-09-15 Ellis et al. It is a constituent of crude oil and refined fuels. The cumene process (cumene-phenol process, Hock process) is an industrial process for developing phenol and acetone from benzene and propylene,Cumene Process report we are going to study the production of Phenol from Storage tanks can have unlimited H/D = 2 2. A systematic hierarchical decomposition method is applied to design a sustainable plant for producing phenol, in which design decisions are made based on sustainability criteria. The cumene process (cumene-phenol process, Hock process) is an industrial process for synthesizing phenol and acetone from benzene and propylene. vision and requirements towards a residential project. Through the application of visual scripting, essential steps of LCA could be integrated into a BIM workflow and innovative methods of communicating assessment results using the digital building model could be shown. During World War II, cumene was used as an octane enhancer for piston-engine aircraft fuel. Cumene (isopropyl benzene) is produced by reacting propylene with benzene. Isopropylbenzene, also known as cumene, is among the top commodity chemicals, taking about 7 – 8% from the total worldwide propylene consumption. Difference in market for both products, with phenol in … phenol and acetone as.... Global phenol production process is the difference in market for both products, with in! 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